10560问题解决办法

渠道一用户,断电后Oracle数据库无法启动,渠道技术人员做了一些恢复尝试,包括重建控制文件、介质恢复提示如下错误:

Errors in filed:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_pr0g_5100.trc (incident=259565): ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments:[3020], [2], [102936], [8491544], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [] ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with datablock (file# 2, block# 102936, file offset is 843251712 bytes) ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX ORA-01110: data file 2:'G:\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSAUX01.DBF' ORA-10560: block type 'FIRST LEVEL BITMAPBLOCK' Incident details in:d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\incident\incdir_259565\orcl1_pr0g_5100_i259565.trc Slave exiting with ORA-600 exception Errors in file d:\oracle\diag\rdbms\orcl\orcl1\trace\orcl1_pr0g_5100.trc: ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments:[3020], [2], [102936], [8491544], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [] ORA-10567: Redo is inconsistent with datablock (file# 2, block# 102936, file offset is 843251712 bytes) ORA-10564: tablespace SYSAUX ORA-01110: data file 2:'G:\ORADATA\ORCL\SYSAUX01.DBF' ORA-10560: block type 'FIRST LEVEL BITMAPBLOCK'

可能介质恢复过程中出现了坏块,还好recover database有个命令可以允许坏块,如下: 

If you do not have a backup available, than the options are VERY limited. Please open a Service Request with Oracle Support Services for assistance on this.  Otherwise:

1. Use Trial Recovery to determine the extent of the problem:

SQL> recover database test;

This will tell you how many blocks (n) would be left corrupted after recovery - check the alert
log for details of the blocks affected.  If there are a large number of corruptions reported you may decide to restore from backup and issue point in time recovery.  However, if only a few blocks are reported as corrupt you could proceed with recovery :

2. Skip the corrupted block(s)

SQL> recover database allow 1 corruption;


Do this <n> times,  <n> being the number of blocks reported as corrupt in step 1 above.

This will allow recovery to continue,  'skipping' the blocks that cannot be recovered and leaving them marked as 'corrupt' after which the database can be opened.

3. Take the corrupt blocks reported in the alert log and for each,  identify the object that the block belongs to::

SQL> SELECT tablespace_name, segment_type, owner, segment_name
    FROM dba_extents
    WHERE file_id = <file#>
      and <block> between block_id AND block_id + blocks - 1;


Replacing <file#> and <block> with the file# and block ids reported in the alert log.

For each object identified - take steps to resolve the corruption:

- if it belongs to an index then simply drop and recreate the index

- if it belong to a user object then consider recreating the object or extracting what you can from the object; if necessary raise a Service Request with Oracle and request assistance with extracting data from a corrupt object. 

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