利用pgpool实现PostgreSQL的高可用

这里利用pgpool-ii实现PG的高可用。基于流复制的方式,两节点自动切换:

1、单pgpool

a.环境:

pgpool:192.168.238.129
data1:192.168.238.130
data2:192.168.238.131

b.图例

利用pgpool实现PostgreSQL的高可用

c.配置互信

ssh-copy-id ha@node1
ssh-copy-id ha@node2
 
d.数据库节点配置,请参照《 使用pg_basebackup搭建PostgreSQL流复制环境 》。

e.pgpool配置:

listen_addresses = '*'
backend_hostname0 = 'node1'
backend_port0 = 5432
backend_weight0 = 1
backend_data_directory0 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data'
backend_flag0 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'
 
backend_hostname1 = 'node2'
backend_port1 = 5432
backend_weight1 = 1
backend_data_directory1 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data'
backend_flag1 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'
 
enable_pool_hba = on
pool_passwd = 'pool_passwd'
 
pid_file_name = '/home/ha/pgpool/pgpool.pid'
logdir = '/home/ha/pgpool/log'
 
health_check_period = 1
health_check_user = 'ha'
health_check_password = 'ha'
 
failover_command = '/home/ha/pgdb/fail.sh %H'
 
recovery_user = 'ha'
recovery_password = 'ha'
 
f.fail.sh

# Failover command for streaming replication.
# This script assumes that DB node 0 is primary, and 1 is standby.
#
# If standby goes down, do nothing. If primary goes down, create a
# trigger file so that standby takes over primary node.
#
# Arguments: $1: failed node id. $2: new master hostname. $3: path to
# trigger file.
 
new_master=$1
trigger_command="/home/ha/pgdb/bin/pg_ctl -D /home/ha/pgdb/data promote -m fast"
 
# Do nothing if standby goes down.
if [ $failed_node = 1 ]; then
        exit 0;
fi
 
# Create the trigger file.
/usr/bin/ssh -T $new_master $trigger_command
 
exit 0;
 

g.建立pool_passwd

pg_md5 -m -p -u postgres pool_passwd
 
        PS:在9.1之前一直用的是trigger_file,这里建议用promote -m fast的方式,因为
“ pg_ctl promote -m fast will skip the checkpoint at end of recovery so that we can achieve very fast failover when the apply delay is low. Write new WAL record XLOG_END_OF_RECOVERY to allow us to switch timeline correctly for downstream log readers. If we skip synchronous end of recovery checkpoint we request a normal spread checkpoint so that the window of re-recovery is low. Simon Riggs and Kyotaro Horiguchi, with input from Fujii Masao. Review by Heikki Linnakangas ”

h.测试 
pgpool节点

[ha@node0 pgdb]$ pgpool -n -d > /tmp/pgpool.log 2>&1 &
[1] 22928
[ha@node0 pgdb]$ psql -h 192.168.238.129 -p 9999 -d postgres -U ha
Password for user ha:
psql (9.4.5)
Type "help" for help.
 
postgres=# insert into test values (8);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# select * from test ;
 id
----
  1
  2
  3
  4
  6
  8
(6 rows)
 
node1节点:

[ha@localhost pgdb]$ ps -ef | grep post
root      2124      1  0 Dec26 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/postfix/master
postfix    2147  2124  0 Dec26 ?        00:00:00 qmgr -l -t fifo -u
postfix  13295  2124  0 06:01 ?        00:00:00 pickup -l -t fifo -u
ha        13395      1  0 06:06 pts/3    00:00:00 /home/ha/pgdb/bin/postgres
ha        13397  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: checkpointer process 
ha        13398  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: writer process 
ha        13399  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal writer process 
ha        13400  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process 
ha        13401  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: stats collector process 
ha        13404  13395  0 06:07 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal sender process rep 192.168.238.131(59415) streaming 0/21000060
ha        13418  4087  0 06:07 pts/3    00:00:00 grep post
[ha@localhost pgdb]$ kill -9 13395
 
pgpool节点:

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